Ancient Indian Rock Cutting Technology
Let us take a look at the ancient rock cutting techniques of India, and how they were able to transform
rocks into beautiful sculptures. Sometimes, they were also able to convert an entire mountain into beautifully carved temples by doing an extraordinary amount of rock cutting. Even though rock cutting started as early as 200 B.C, the height of rock cutting
technology was reached around 600 A.D by Pallavas in South India. Even though there is a lot of evidence of ancient tools that were really advanced, in this video let us stick to the conventional theory of using chisels and hammers.
This is the first phase of rock cutting, where they carved a hole that is 1 inch wide and 2 inch deep. After making a hole like this, they would place a wooden wedge and hammer it in. Then, they would pour hot water into it and the wood would start expanding inside the rock. Now, this is not going to crack the rock open, but what happens when you make a series of such holes and place wedges into them?
Here you can see how a rock has been completely split into 2 halves and one of them is missing, which means it was transported to a temple and probably made into a beautiful sculpture. We are looking at the other half that was just not used. And this is granite by the way, one of the hardest rocks in the world. You can see how smooth the face of the split rock is.
Once the rock has been split like this, they would start the second phase. You can see how they made rectangular pattern on the smooth side of the rock. Measurements would be made, and the rock would be divided into rectangular parts, according to the size of the sculpture that would be created. Once this is done, the unwanted rectangles would be removed by chiseling them away. For example, if all the rectangles except the middle one were chiseled away, the middle rectangle would stand out as a raised platform.
The third phase is the careful carving of figures on this raised platform. This is the most important part as it would need a lot of meticulous work and precise artistic carving. The Pallavas of South India were able to create some amazing reliefs, sculptures and cave architecture. One example is the Kailasa temple of Ellora, where they carved an entire mountain and created a beautiful temple. It is estimated that over 400,000 tons of rock were carved out of this mountain to create this temple. Over ten thousand Pallava sculptors were transported from the south to North India to create this. Another example is the world's second largest relief that was created in Mahabalipuram.
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Ancient pool with evidence of machine processing, wholly carved in stone above Throne Room, Sigiriya
Read and see more pictures here: Detailed Photo Essay on Sigiriya, or Lion's Rock, in Sri Lanka:
Thoughts and Impressions of My Visit:
Chapter 1: http://8916898.blogspot.com/2013/03/a...
Chapter 2: http://8916898.blogspot.com/2013/03/a...
Chapter 3: http://8916898.blogspot.com/2013/03/c...
It shows us the main difference of ancient principles of construction from modern ones. So, the split just shows us an uneven surface of giant boulder, dividing further wall of the pool on two parts: lower -- the body of the boulder; higher -- a granite curb, which is forming a barrier around the pool. Ancient builders didn't bother to make a surface of pool edges flat. They just cut undersides of curbs equally to upper surface of boulder on the pool edges, and so adjusted curbs firmly to this uneven surface.
Ancient Machine cuts from GIZA (I am so excited I'm rambling a bit)
The biggest secret of the Illuminate is the advanced society the thrived more than 11,000 years ago. DOCUMENTED SOME ANCIENT MACHINE TECHNOLOGY recently at Giza. Authors
Christopher Dunn, http://www.gizapower.com , Stephen Mehlerhttp://www.gizapyramid.com/Stephen%20... and Peruvian expert Brien Foerster http://www.hiddenincatours.com came along with us as we toured the ancient sites through modern Egypt. Ancient Bu Wizzer and Khemit.